عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the main problems in moral philosophy is the question about the influence of determinism in moral attitude and behavior of mankind. Determinism is therefore worth studying – both for the thought that believes in freedom in moral actions and the one that believes in the crucial role of determinants in moral issues. Psychological and physiological determinants are among the main topics in determinism. This paper first studies some psychic and cognitive functions of human mind as introduced by C. G. Jung. Then it presents an analysis of the concepts of time, memory and loyalty and shows the relationship between these concepts and the Jungian psychic functions. It argues that loyalty – as a virtue based on memory – is bound up with cognitive characteristics and potentials of mind. It also introduces the cognitive index for ethical attitude and vision. In this direction it also introduces the concept of ethical rigidity as a part of human thought and action. In history of thought, certain thinkers have already used some temperament theories and extended their application toward ethical attitudes of human. The difference between the old, classic methods and the one presented in this paper comes from the fact that a personality typology theory based on human intrinsic mind and brain cognitive functions is being introduced here.