عنوان مقاله [English]
Review of explanation of Islamic philosophers about concomitance between matter and form
Most Muslim philosophers believe that the body consists of two essential elements called “prime matter” and “corporal form” that those need each other in their existence and are concomitant together. If "matter" does not exist, "form" cannot be found, because it need to place (locus). Also, if the "form" there is no, the "matter" does not exist, because the "matter" has not any kind of actuality and it is actualized by "form". So Islamic philosophers consider that the “form" is partner of cause of "matter”.
We believe that despite the enormous efforts that have been done, the success has not been achieved, because the explanation of Muslim philosophers in this issue is faced many problems. In this paper, we first explain their theory, and then show its problems.
Prime matter, Form, Partner of cause, Concomitance, Individuation.