عنوان مقاله [English]
Symbolic viewpoint about universe is a valuable heritage of old civilizations. This topic has had especial position in Islamic culture and civilization. Muslim mystics and philosophers have used this way for presenting their teachings. Symbolism in mysticism is very obvious. And also among philosophers, Suhrawardi is considered the hero of the field. Although Ibn Sina had started this way before him. Therefore, it is worth considering how Mulla Sadra's transcendental wisdom, as he inherits this tradition, faces symbolism. This article examines the basics and method of transcendental wisdom, especially the way of interpretation and hermeneutics. It is clear from the available evidence that, despite the fact that Sadra does not express his wisdom as Suhrawardi symbolically, with the adoption of the philosophical foundations of Suhrawardi's symbolism, including the theory of Gradation of existence in ontology and theory of the imaginal world and Imaginal perception in Cosmology and epistemology, have benefited from it in its existential philosophy; therefore, transcendental wisdom is appropriate for symbolism in the best way. But Sadrà's methodology and modeling of Symbolism may be different from that of Suhrawardi. Therefore, he has knew this method and used some symbolic phrases, as well as titles of his books are all of this kind, so the Transcendental wisdom can be the framework and Provides theoretical basis for symbolism.