عنوان مقاله [English]
Representing and analyzing of classical islamic thoughts in the language of contemporary philosophy can be very fruitful. In this paper, I review Ryle's thesis on "self" and then explain this idea according to Mulla-Sadra. Ryle believes that "I" is not a name to indicate something, but it is just an "index word" which is somehow equivalent to adverbs and signyfies a person who presents it. By use of linguistic analysis, he finds this supposition that says when "I" cannot be replaced by "my body", then it must refer to "non body", is not true. Besides, self-consciousness is higher order performance above self. On the other hand, Mulla-Sadra sees "I" as an existance which has different aspects and in spite of subtlity can be sensitive, imaginational or reasonable. So "I" in all applications has a unique meaning that shows some reality which occured in that seat without any virtual denotations. As a result, we see that existantial viewpoint of Mulla-Sadra is accompanied by interesing discussions on linguistic analysis.