عنوان مقاله [English]
In his Illuminationist Hikmatic System, Suhrawardi started from himself and his intuitive self-conscousness and then he reached at the God. On the one hand, he found the identity of himself and his light causes as “presence by oneself”, and on the other hand, he explained the agency (origin-ness) and the other-consciousness of substantial lights by illuminationist relation. According to those parts of the philosopher’s constructive works which are devoted to the explanation of the identity and determination of the status of illumination and intuition in the spheres of existence and cognition, one can conclude that “existence” and “presence” are identical in Suhrawardi’s philosophy and the necessary generality of this function can be proven based on the self-consciousness and other-consciousness of the Light of Lights. By this approach, any possible gap between ontology and epistemology are systematically overcome. In fact, by tracing the knowledge by correspondence (mediated) back to the knowledge by presence (immediate), by founding the human cognition upon the intuitive necessity and certainty, Suhrawardi left behind the challenge of unrecognizability of correspondence between known-by-itself (the subjective) and known-by-something-else (the objective), and explained the recognition of personal identity.