عنوان مقاله [English]
In the book of Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant deals with postulating strategic terms such as free will, autonomy, the law of reason, the duty, and the complex relationship between them, which incorporate in kant's thought the base of the doctrine of Kant's ethics, law, and politics. In the meantime, not only moral is itself based on a struggle between will and law, but also moral is in a Double-sided dialectical relationship the foundation of the formation of a free will, autonomy, and realization metaphysics within man as an end. But when these autonomy beings try to create a community and form ethical-civil state with common rules based on moral guarantee In the outside world, they will be captured by another who believes in absolute freedom, In this area, my freedom will not be guaranteed. Therefore, one has to enter another situation in which all his rights are guaranteed by a external warranty, which is nothing but a juridico-civil state. Therefore, mankind, in order to preserve morality (and consequently its autonomy and freedom)from The ethico-civil state, which is merely subject to internal control, enters the juridico-civil state All duties are subject to external Legislation.