رورتی در صدد است تا در مقام یک درمانگر مسائل فلسفی (therapeutic philosopher) به نقد مقولات مختلف فلسفی و نقد دسته بندی های مختلف میان علوم مبادرت ورزد.او که خود را نه در مقام یک فیلسوف بلکه درمقام یک نقادادبی معرفی میکند،مدعی است که فلسفه ممکن است در برههای از تاریخ مفید بوده باشدولی دیگر در عصر کنونی ما کارساز نیست. لذا او از مرگ فلسفه استقبال می کند و به اولویت دموکراسی و سیاست، به مثابه علمی در خدمت اجتماع،برفلسفه،در خوشبینانه ترین حالت به مثابه کمالی شخصی(به زعم رورتی)، اذعان میکند. در این مقاله کوشش خواهیم کرد تا این ادعای رورتی را از زوایای مختلف مورد نقد و بررسی قرار دهیم.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of solidarity in thought of Richard Rorty
Abstract: Rorty who is an analytic Philosopher in direction of postmodern thought with a pragmatic veiw to vocabulary and language is going to work on deconstruction various problems of philosophy.Hence,he questions the whole traditional epistmology with all its categoryies(such as Truth,objectivity,wisdom and etc). In his opinion, traditional philosophers (plato,Descartes and kant)always belives ahistorical and ahumanistic realities(such as Truth,good,God and etc)considered human beings as servants and discoverers the eternal reality. Against this opinion,he suggest the issue of solidarity؛ in other word pragmatic agreement on the various issues and influenced by norms of private society too .Rorty belives that if we merely ourself confine and effect relationship between self and world,we will accept correctness of this claim that we always give to the world a meaning by making new vocabulary and apart from this vocabulary which are instruments of coping with environment, there is no reality.In this new pragdims,we think by creating Truth instead of solidarity to human like creatures of their enviornment,in deed those who are going to over come to environment not like to those who are at service of that upper creature.These instruments will help us to reinforce solidarity among human in order to move in direction of oreinted-justic and free society and far from any discrimination and suffering. In such society that Truth will show itself in dynamisms of that society.Rorty is looking for problem of traditional epistomology in attracting of realistic approach to various problems of philosophy. So he is an anti-realist philosopher to explain various philosophical concepts including the tradition concept of Truth.He suggests the traditon concept of Truth which is based on correspondence theory of Truth,instead of the concept of solidarity and claims there is no found in his explain concept of solidarity the realistic elements and solidarity such as another concept make by mankind and pragmatic interests . In this article we will attempt to reveiw this claim.