عنوان مقاله [English]
R. M. Hare the contemporary moral philosopher believes that to meet the moral questions we need to distinguish two levels :they are the level of intuitive thinking and critical thinking. In Hare's opinion, the level of intuitive thinking, has simple principles that people have learned just passively in their moral education. However, due to a variety of unique situations that people face in life, intuitive has no real usage. Despite of this fact, one should enter the field of critical thinking. Entry-level critical thinking, moral actors in decision-making, creativity, are guided by rationality. In critical thinking, the ability to solve ethical dilemmas, moral reform in society, avoiding relativism in ethics, accepting truth and acceding the limits of human knowledge, reform-oriented recommendations and reconciliation between utilitarianism and task-oriented schools can be referred as noticeable functions.